Western Airlines was a US west coast carrier which operated from 1925 until its merger with Delta in 1987.
In this article we’ll look back at the history of this US airline, its fleet and the routes it operated. If you have any memories of Western, please leave a comment below!
Western Air Express was founded in 1925 to operate mail routes on behalf of the United States Postal Service, like many airlines of the era. Its first routes was from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles, which it started on 17 April 1926 using a Douglas M-2 mailplane. It also offered passenger service on its flights.
Western Air Express merged with Transcontinental Air Transport to form Trans World Airlines (TWA) in 1930. However, it de-merged from the airline in 1934, briefly becoming General Air Lines before reverting to its original name. It would change it again, this time to Western Air Lines in 1941 (this was later shortened to Western Airlines).
Prior to World War II Western had acquired a number of new aircraft types to operate its expanding services, including the Boeing 247 and Douglas DC-3. Following the war years Western expanded further, reaching as far as Minneapolis.
In the 1950s Western took delivery of a number of Douglas DC-6 and Lockheed L-188 Electra aircraft. Its first jet aircraft arrived in 1960 in the form of two Boeing 707-100s. A year later the first of 29 Boeing 720s to be operated by the airline arrived, flying on key routes between hubs up and down the west coast. In a push to operate an all-jet fleet, it ordered the Boeing 707-300, 727-200 and 737-200 for delivery from 1968 with the last turboprops being retired in 1972. The 727s and 737s allowed expansion into a number of smaller cities in Idaho, Montana, South Dakota, and Wyoming. Meanwhile, expansion into popular destinations in Alaska, Canada, Hawaii and Mexico followed.
In 1973 the first McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 widebody airliner arrived. Initially used on high density and longer distance routes in its network, such as Honolulu, Miami and Nassau, the type was later used to introduce the first transatlantic links to London Gatwick from both Anchorage and Denver Stapleton with the addition of the longer range DC-10-30 model. Various east coast destinations were also added to the network such as Boston, New York and Washington DC. From 1985 the Boeing 737 fleet was supplemented by the new -300 model.
Merger With Delta
The next year Delta Air Lines made a swoop for the carrier as it sought to increase its share in the west coast market. The agreement to merge was made on 9 September, 1986, with approval from the Department of Transportation coming on 11 December and the shareholders five days later. The merger meant the Western brand was lost as aircraft were painted in Delta colours. The merger, which was finalised on 1 April 1987, saw the Boeing 727 and 737 aircraft retained, with the DC-10s being disposed of quickly afterwards.
Western Airlines Hubs
Western’s HQ was at Los Angeles LAX Airport in California. It operated hubs at the following airports:
- Denver Stapleton, CO
- Minneapolis St Paul, MN
- Salt Lake City, UT
Aircraft Types Operated by Western Airlines
- Boeing 247 1934-1942
- Boeing 40 1930-1932
- Boeing 707-100 1960-1962
- Boeing 707-300 1968-1980
- Boeing 720 1961-1980
- Boeing 727-200 1969-1987
- Boeing 737-200 1968-1987
- Boeing 737-300 1985-1987
- Boeing 95 1929-1934
- Clark GA-43 1934-1934
- Convair 240 1948-1961
- De Havilland DH-4 1926-1927
- Douglas DC-3 1937-1959
- Douglas DC-4/C-54 1946-1957
- Douglas DC-6 1952-1969
- Douglas M-1/2/4 1926-1931
- Fokker F-VII/F-10 1928-1935
- Fokker F-14 1929-1931
- Fokker F-32 1930-1931
- Fokker Super Universal 1932-1934
- Lockheed Air Express 1928-1929
- Lockheed L-18 1943-1943
- Lockheed L-188 Electra 1959-1972
- Lockheed L-749 Constellation 1967-1968
- McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 1973-1987
- McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 1981-1983
- North American AT-6 Texan 1946-1947
Western Airlines Today
Despite its merger with Delta almost 30 years ago, some of Western Airlines’ fleet is still in existence today.
- Douglas M-2 NC150 Preserved at National Air & Space Museum, Washington, DC [picture].
- 720-047B N93145 (now N720JR) is derelict at Malta Luqa.
- 720-047B N93151 (now AP-AXM) preserved at Karachi Planetarium, Pakistan [picture].
- 720-047B N93152 (now AP-AXL) preserved at Lahore Planetarium [picture].
- 727-247 N2822W (now N233FE) is preserved as a trainer at Alameda College of Aviation, CA.
- 727-247 N2823W (now N234FE) is preserved as a trainer at Atlantic City, NJ.
- 727-247 N2824W (now N235FE) is preserved as a trainer at Fort Lauderdale, FL.
- 727-247 N2825W (now N236FE) is preserved as a trainer at USAero Tech Institute, Greenville, SC.
- 737-247 N4530W (later PP-BMS) is preserved as a restaurant in Hung Shulin, Taiwan [picture].
- 737-2S3s EP-BPY and EI-BPW (now YV1381 and YV169T respectively) are active with RUTACA Airlines in Venezuela.
- 737-2J8 N235WA (now RA-73003) is stored at Yuzhno in Russia.
- 737-247 N238WA (now XA-URU) is active with Danaus Lineas Aeras in Mexico [picture].
- 737-247 N240WA (now OB-1954-P) is active with Peruvian Airlines, based at Lima [picture].
- 737-247 N246WA (now A2-FMX) is active with Blue Sky Airways in Botswana.
- 737-347 N307WA and N308WA are stored at Roswell, but have been used for charters in recent years [picture].
- 737-347 N311WA (now PK-YSY) is owned by Trigana Air Service in Jakarta, but may be stored.
- 737-347 N312WA (now PK-MYY) is active with My Indo Airways at Jakarta Halim.
- DC-3 NC33644 still active with private owner, Oakville, WA [picture].
- DC-6B N93122 (now N751CE) stored at Fairbanks, AK.
- DC-6B N93124 (now N551CE) stored with Everts at Fairbanks, AK.
- DC-10-10 N904WA (now N559FE) is active with FedEx Express [picture].
- DC-10-10 N905WA (now N560FE) is active with FedEx Express.
- DC-10-10 N906WA (now N357FE) is active with FedEx Express.
- DC-10-10 N913WA (now S9-GAP) was last noted stored at Johannesburg, South Africa.
- Convair 240 N8408H (now N240HH) preserved at Planes of Fame Museum, Chino, CA.
- L-188 Electra N9744C (now C-FIJV) stored with Buffalo Airways, Yellowknife, Canada.
- L-188 Electra N9745C (now C-FYYJ) active as fire bomber at Abbotsford, Canada [picture].
- L-188 Electra N9746C (now C-GLBA) active with Buffalo Airways, Yellowknife, Canada.